The Middle East
Canada renews its military contribution in the Sinai Peninsula
The Honourable Harjit S. Sajjan, Minister of National Defence, and the Honourable Chrystia Freeland, Minister of Foreign Affairs, today announced that the Government of Canada has renewed Operation CALUMET, the Canadian Armed Forces contribution to the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) in the Sinai Peninsula, until March 31, 2022.
“The renewal of Operation CALUMET demonstrates Canada’s long-standing support to peace support operations in the Middle East," said Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan. "I am proud of the women and men of the Canadian Armed Forces who are contributing to regional security and stability while they participate in one of Canada’s longest ongoing international commitments.”
Through Operation CALUMET, the Canadian Armed Forces will continue to support peace and stability in the region by providing key personnel in various staff and specialty functions within the MFO based in El Gorah, Egypt.
The mission of the MFO is to supervise the implementation of the provisions of the Egyptian-Israeli Treaty of Peace, signed forty years ago. Canada has been actively involved in maintaining peace in the region for more than 50 years and has contributed to the MFO since 1985.
Under the renewed Operation CALUMET, Canada will deploy 55 Canadian Armed Forces personnel to Egypt. The Canadian contingent will include senior advisors, headquarters staff, and experts in fields such as remote observation, logistics, engineering, policing, and training. These personnel serve in senior and highly-specialized roles to support and enhance key MFO capabilities.
From March 2015 to March 2019, approximately 30 Canadian military police officers supported the MFO Military Police Unit. On March 23, 2019, they concluded their four-year mandate of leading the multinational unit (Canada, Colombia, Fiji, New Zealand, and the United States) in the conduct of policing duties in the North and South camps of the MFO.
The MFO is an independent international organization with peacekeeping responsibilities in the Sinai Peninsula. It was established in 1981 by the United States with Egypt and Israel, and is responsible for supervising the implementation of Annex 1 (the “Security Annex”) of the 1979 Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty.
The MFO is comprised of approximately 1200 personnel from twelve nations: Australia, Canada, Colombia, the Czech Republic, France, Italy, New Zealand, Norway, the Republic of the Fiji Islands, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Uruguay. MFO Sinai is the largest element of the MFO and is a joint organization with ground, air, and naval elements, as well as civilian components.